The Universe as Our Parish
By Fr. Luke A. Veronis
St. John Chrysostom preached 1600 years ago, “There are two kinds of bishops. One bishop is a pastor who says, ‘My parish is my universe.’ While the other bishop says, ‘The universe is my parish.’”
One of the most common, yet subtle, dangers – I may even say heresies – that has plagued the people of God from the time of ancient
“My parish is my universe” so many faithful still believe today.
Instead of a worldview where God the Creator is at the center, a view where all creation points to God and gives Him glory, slowly the ego – whether the individual ego: I, me, my, mine; or the communal ego: my people, my parish, my language, my culture – gradually takes over and this self-centered mentality distorts an authentic Orthodox worldview.
Our Triune God has a love and vision for all. In the Old Testament, we may remember how God chose a certain people as his prized possession, but we often forget why he chose them. When God called Abram in Genesis, he said, “Go forth from the land of your kinsfolk and from your father’s house to a land that I will show you. I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you. I will make your name great, so that you will be a blessing… And all the families of the earth shall find blessing in you.”
This central verse of the Old Covenant reveals God’s overarching plan of salvation for all. Abraham was called to leave what was familiar, to leave his own, to depart from his tiny ego, and to follow God in faith, so that he would be blessed by God, and, SO THAT he and his nation would become a blessing for ALL the families of the earth!
“The universe is my parish!” That is the mentality that God wanted us to have from the beginning, and this represents an authentic Orthodox worldview.
Unfortunately, we see time and again how God’s people forget, ignore, and even deny their universal calling, and choose instead to become a closed, parochial, often ethnocentric community.
Jesus Christ, the supreme example in the New Testament, made abundantly clear that no boundaries could limit His unconditional love for all people. Whether it was a heretical Samaritan, a Roman Centurian, a foreign Syrophonecian woman, a corrupt tax-collector, or an immoral adulterous, Christ saw each and every person as a beloved child of his. He fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah: “Although a mother may forget her child, I can never forget you. I have carved you on the palm of my hand.”
The whole meaning of Orthodox Christianity has to do with looking outward, remembering the other! The Philokalia, which is a collection of sayings from the Church Fathers, teaches “Blessed is the one who rejoices in his salvation, but even more blessed is the one who rejoices in the salvation of the other.”
St. John Chrysostom said the same thing in a different way, “I do not believe in the salvation of anyone who does not try to save others."
‘My parish is my universe?’ or ‘The universe is my parish!’”
Our Church Fathers represented a truly ecumenical, universal and missionary spirit that we need to practice today. Why is it that so many of our local churches, and even our national leaders too often lack a vibrant worldwide vision and outreach? Why are we, as individuals, so weak in cultivating this universal spirit in our own spiritual journeys?
The answer is simple, because it is a problem that has plagued humanity since Adam and Eve. The ego. Our little ego continually limits our worldview, poisoning not only our perception of self, but corrupting our understanding of the Church and the world around us. Our spiritual journey becomes a self-centered pursuit for individual happiness, comfort, pleasure, and self-fulfillment – ideas completely foreign to the theology of the Great Fathers.
Even many of today’s Churches reject the universal vision and become nothing more than proud, closed, social clubs. For example, how many of our communities will spend countless hours and money to build beautiful buildings, recreation halls, and other such things. Some parishes will spend 95% of their church budget on themselves! Even if we are spending all our money on something good – like catechetical work, youth ministry, and beautification of a Church, we still have to ask ourselves, what percent of the Church’s money and time goes outside her own people?
Surely, a Church and her pastoral team must take care of their own people! But simultaneously, the Church community must remember that she is called to be yeast within the general society where we live, she must be a light to the non-Orthodox and secular people around her in America, as well as participate in the overall witness that is needed throughout the entire world!
What a terrible distortion of God’s vision when a community focuses only on its own! Archbishop Anastasios of
We must recover this life of asceticism and self-sacrifice. We must make every effort to flee from our self-centered wills, and enter into the “mind of Christ.” Through this struggle, we can overcome our destructive egos, rejecting the parochial view of “the parish as the universe,” and united to Christ, developing a worldview of “the universe as the parish.”
This is the reason why my family and I left
Some even think the whole idea of mission is just downright wrong. Recently, while on a six-month sabbatical at an
Unfortunately, such small-mindedness abounds in our Church. These people cannot see that the Church in
I remember when I lived in
When people ask us why my family and I left our homeland and our loved ones, I now answer “Because we felt that we were not only fulfilling
Please understand, in order to be faithful Orthodox Christians, each of us should be asking ourselves, “How am I helping to fulfill God’s universal vision?” When we hear about someone interesting in becoming a missionary, are we saying, “Why are you going to
Are we thinking, “You should stay here because there are many needs in this country,” instead of responding, “That’s great that you are going over there and will be a witness of God’s love. You go there, and I’ll stay in this country and offer my witness of God’s love to all the people here. Together we’ll make a great team!”
“My parish is my universe? Or “The universe is my parish!”
Archbishop Anastasios of
“The parish is my universe?” Hopefully this will be the attitude of fewer and fewer Orthodox parishes. “The universe is my parish!” This is our calling, and I pray that many of our Orthodox communities and individual Christians will make this their vision and fulfill this calling!
Macarius the Great of Egypt; Mark, Bishop of Ephesus; Arsenius of Corfu; Makarios of Alexandria; Makarios, Hierodeacon of Kalogera, Patmos; Removal of the Honorable Relics of Saint Gregory the Theologian; Branwallader, Bishop of Jersey
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